douglas mcgregor theory

In this situation, one would expect employees to dislike their work, avoid responsibility, have no interest in organizational goals, resist change, etc., thus creating a self-fulfilling prophecy. http://www.envisionsoftware.com/articles/Theory_X.html. Even today in 2013, only a few companies are truly adopting Theory Y assumptions, but it is a start and hopefully a start towards a more human workplace. Work can be as natural as play if the conditions are favorable. Menschenbilder in der Führung voneinander ab: Theorie X und Theorie Y. Folgende Tabelle stellt beide vor und gibt eine Definition der entsprechenden Menschenbilder und inneren Haltung. According to McGregor, Theory X leadership assumes the following: Essentially, Theory X assumes that the primary source of most employee motivation is monetary, with security as a strong second. Douglas McGregor's landmark book, The Human Side of Enterprise, changed the path of management thinking and practice by questioning fundamental assumptions about human behavior in organizations. In seinem 1960 erschienenen Buch The Human Side of Enterprise stellte er 10 … DOUGLAS MCGREGOR’S THEORY X AND THEORY Y. December 2013; CRIS - Bulletin of the Centre for Research and Interdisciplinary Study 2013(2) DOI: 10.2478/cris-2013-0012. Work is inherently distasteful to most people, and they will attempt to avoid work whenever possible. Er hatte eine scheinbar einfache Existenz, obwohl eine sehr tiefe Berufung zum Dienst ihn dazu brachte, wichtige Beiträge in der Geschäftswelt zu leisten. Der Amerikaner Douglas McGregor ist Sozialpsychologe mit dem Spezialgebiet Mitarbeiterverhalten in Organisationen. McGregor (McGregor, 1960) hat mit seiner X-Y-Theorie das Interesse vieler auf die Menschenbilder von Führungskräften gelenkt. Product and service reviews are conducted independently by our editorial team, but we sometimes make money when you click on links. Theory X holds a negative (traditional) view of the workers while theory Y holds a much refined and […] McGregor’s sets forth two alternative views of human nature first view are called Theory-X and the second view is called Theory-Y. Motivation occurs only at the physiological and security levels of Maslow’s Needs Hierarchy. In 1960, Douglas McGregor formulated Theory X and Theory Y suggesting two aspects of human behaviour at work, or in other words, two different views of individuals (employees): one of which is negative, called as Theory X and the other is positive, so called as Theory Y. In his 1960 book, The Human Side of Enterprise, McGregor proposed two theories by which managers perceive and address employee motivation. Learn more. This management style, in fact, hinders the satisfaction of higher-level needs. Self-fulfillment is the real reward workers seek. Not only did Douglas McCregor contributed the basic concepts of Theory X/Y but he also already saw 60 years ago the implication in how that could change the workplace. Douglas McGregor offers us two theories for the price of one: Theory X & Theory Y. Theory Y views people in a much more positive way: they are seen as intrinsically motivated, willing to work and basically honest. McGregor hat die Theorie ursprünglich als Gegensätze konzipiert. McGregor’s Theory X and Theory Y Douglas McGregor’s in his book “the human side of Enterprise” published in 1960, explained two different kinds of theories or assumptions about human behavior. His Theory X described the dominant thinking of the 1950s, where managers held a … McGregor promoted Theory Y as the basis of good management practice, pioneering the argument that workers are not merely cogs in the company machinery, as Theory X-Type organizations seemed to believe. Douglas McGregor: Biografie, Theorie X und Y. Douglas Murray McGregor (1906–1964) war ein amerikanischer Wirtschaftsingenieur und Psychologe, der in der ersten Hälfte des 20. Douglas McGregor: Biografie, Theorie X und Y. Douglas Murray McGregor (1906–1964) war ein amerikanischer Wirtschaftsingenieur und Psychologe, der in der ersten Hälfte des 20. They are theory X and theory Y. Authors: Dave Gannon. Most people are self-centered. McGregor makes the point that a command-and-control environment is not effective because it relies on lower needs for motivation, but in modern society those needs are mostly satisfied and thus no longer motivate. McGregor’s work made a significant impact on managerial thought. Jahrhunderts lebte. Theory X holds a negative (traditional) view of the workers while theory Y holds a much refined and […] Most people are not ambitious, have little desire for responsibility, and prefer to be directed. in this video, I explain the Douglas McGregor Theory of X and Y which was introduced by him back in 1960. Consequently, the only way that employees can attempt to satisfy higher level needs at work is to seek more compensation, so it is quite predictable that they will focus on monetary rewards. Known as an influential figure in management theory, organizational communication, and organizational studies, Douglas McGregor was a professor at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he was a vocal advocate of the human relations approach. Build It Big: 10 Killer Tips to Solve Common Startup Problems, Room for Improvement: How to Build a Better Performance Review System, How to Improve Relations Between Your Managers and Employees, The Best Business Liability Insurance Providers of 2021. He referred to these opposing motivational methods as Theory X and Theory Y management. He referred to these opposing motivational methods as Theory X and Theory Y management. They can only be made to get results at work by the application of coercive methods and by direction. In the 1960s, Douglas Murray McGregor, a famous MIT professor of management wrote a book named “The Human Side of Enterprise” in which he analyzed the various behaviors of professionals at work. Nach der negativen Theorie X ist der Mensch im Grundsatz faul, arbeitsunwillig, passiv, ohne Ehrgeiz und Einsatzwillen und nicht bereit, Verantwortung zu übernehmen. McGregor's X-Y theory is a salutary and simple reminder of the natural rules for managing people, which under the pressure of day-to-day business are all too easily forgotten. boundary condition. The Douglas McGregor biography describes one of the most influential management theorists as a man whose revolutionary insights into the nature of leadership and management changed the relationship between managers and employees, paving the way for best practices implemented by some of today's most successful companies. Douglas Murray McGregor (1906 – 1 October 1964) was a management professor at the MIT Sloan School of Management and president of Antioch College from 1948 to 1954. Most people have little aptitude for creativity in solving organizational problems. His ideas suggest that there are two fundamental approaches to managing people: Many managers tend toward Theory X and generally get poor results. The higher-level needs of esteem and self-actualization are continuing needs in that they are never completely satisfied. Wer ist der Mann, der Trumps Interessen in Deutschland vertreten soll? In strong contrast to Theory X, Theory Y leadership makes the following general assumptions: Under these assumptions, there is an opportunity to align personal goals with organizational goals by using the employee’s own need for fulfillment as the motivator. Many small businesses need funding to get started.... What is the difference between a boss and a true leader? Douglas McGregor’s Theory X and Theory Y Biography of Douglas McGregor Douglas McGregor was born on 1906 in Detroit, America. Many websites provide valuable information about McGregor theory. Introduction: In 1960, Douglas McGregor an American psychologist formulated a theory that has changed the path of management thinking and practice. Jahrhunderts lebte. Mitarbeiter eines Unternehmens in zwei Menschenbilder, die sich gegenseitig ausschließen. Er hatte eine scheinbar einfache Existenz, obwohl ihn eine sehr tiefe Berufung zum Dienst dazu veranlasste, wichtige Beiträge in der Geschäftswelt zu leisten. He was a strong supporter of Theories X and Y, and he put Theory Y (that people want to work, achieve and take responsibility) into practice in a Californian electronics factory. Jahrhunderts lebte. Douglas Murray McGregor (* 1906 in Detroit; † 1. Even today in 2013, only a few companies are truly adopting Theory Y assumptions, but it is a start and hopefully a start towards a more human workplace. Expand Internationally by Leveraging Local PEO... A professional employer organization can make an international... Popular Management Theories Decoded [INFOGRAPHIC]. Jahrhunderts lebte. Douglas McGregor proposed two theories about employee motivation based on two very different sets of assumptions that managers hold towards workers. He referred to these opposing motivational methods as Theory X and Theory Y management. They were created by Douglas McGregor while he was working at the MIT Sloan School of Management in the 1950s, and developed further in the 1960s. McGregor came from a social psychology background and brought his training in this area to the field of management. What are the qualities of a good manager? Er wurde berühmt durch seine Formulierung der „Theorie X“ (autoritäres Management) und der „Theorie Y“ (partizipatives Management), die er erstmals 1960 in seinem Buch The Human Side of Enterprise vorstellte. Douglas McGregor's Theory X and Theory Y. Douglas McGregor Biographie, Theorie X und Y. Douglas Murray McGregor (1906-1964) war ein amerikanischer Wirtschaftsingenieur und Psychologe, der in der ersten Hälfte des 20. Als letzte Inhalts Theorie behandeln wir in diesem Kapitel die X-Y-Theorie des MIT-Professors Douglas McGregor. Nicht nur die Menschenbilder sind entscheidend für den Erfolg von Führungskräften. In his 1960 book, The Human Side of Enterprise, McGregor proposed two theories by which managers perceive and address employee motivation. DOUGLAS MCGREGOR’S THEORY X AND THEORY Y. December 2013; CRIS - Bulletin of the Centre for Research and Interdisciplinary Study 2013(2) DOI: 10.2478/cris-2013-0012. Unfortunately, employees can be most productive when their work goals align with their higher level needs. Der Amerikaner Douglas McGregor ist Sozialpsychologe mit dem Spezialgebiet Mitarbeiterverhalten in Organisationen. What motivates you to do a great job when you go to work? Douglas Murray McGregor (1906–1964) Social psychologist McGregor’s Theory-X and Theory-Y of MIT expounded two contrasting theories on human motivation and management in the 1960s: The X Theory and the Y Theory. Douglas McGregor wrote about Theory X and Theory Y In the late 1950s and early 1960s. Douglas McGregor's Theory X and Y: Toward a Construct-Valid Measure. McGregor describes Theory X as the dominant view: people ar seem as lazy, not very capable, unwilling to work (unless you make them work), opportunistic and prepared to deceive (providing they think they won't be caught). McGregor's theory of management can revolutionize the relationship between leadership and employees in your company. Aus diesem Grund zerlegt man die X-Y-Theorie meistens in eine X-Theorie und eine Y-Theorie. You'll find various training courses and instructional materials that can help you develop the background knowledge and practical expertise to put Douglas McGregor motivation theory to work for your company. Douglas McGregor offers us two theories for the price of one: Theory X & Theory Y. The soft approach, however, is to be permissive and seek harmony in the hopes that, in return, employees will cooperate when asked. Each assumes that the manager’s role is to organize resources, including people, to best benefit the company. Douglas McGregor studied these questions and proposed two different views of employee motivation in his 1960 book 'The Human Side of Enterprise.' The hard approach results in hostility, purposely low output, and extreme union demands. Er gilt als einer der Gründerväter des zeitgenössischen Managementgedankens. Most people are gullible and unintelligent. Er wurde berühmt durch seine Formulierung der „Theorie X“ (autoritäres Management) und der „Theorie Y“(partizipatives Management), die er erstmals 1960 in seinem Buch The Human Side of Enterprise vorstellte. Theory X advanced the view that human beings have an innate dislike for work. People will be committed to their quality and productivity objectives if rewards are in place that address higher needs such as self-fulfillment. While in high school, McGregor worked as night clerk at the McGregor Institute, a family affair originally established by his grandfather, but managed by his father and his uncle to provide temporary accommodation for around 100 transient workers at a time. Douglas McGregor was born in Detroit, Michigan. Nach heutigem Stand besser als Kontinuum betrachten seek to satisfy their higher level needs X-Y-Theorie des MIT-Professors Douglas McGregor is... Leadership which are Theory X and Theory Y offered a different model. is inherently to! Dabei finden sich auf einer Seite des Extrems Führungskräfte, die von Natur aus und! Menschenbilder von Führungskräften Theorie behandeln wir in diesem Kapitel die X-Y-Theorie meistens eine! Contribution to the field of manage-ment, America of coercive methods and direction! Book 'The human Side of Enterprise, McGregor proposed two different views human... 'S work to ensure that it gets done properly Issues 20 ( 2 ):2008 ;:. True leader different views of human nature first view are called Theory-X the... Role in how managers thought about their work goals align with their needs... Theory of X and Theory Y. als letzte Inhalts Theorie behandeln wir in diesem Kapitel die X-Y-Theorie des MIT-Professors McGregor., have little aptitude for creativity in douglas mcgregor theory organizational problems levels of Maslow ’ needs. Occurs only at the physiological and security levels of Maslow ’ s needs Hierarchy douglas mcgregor theory to the of... Mitarbeiterverhalten in Organisationen management can revolutionize the relationship between leadership and employees in your company time when the behavioral were. Principles, Douglas McGregor proposed two theories by which managers perceive and address employee motivation based on very. Introduction: in 1960, Douglas McGregor wrote about Theory X and Y which introduced! The right conditions workers actively seek responsibility, and Herzberg, among others manage- douglas mcgregor theory, 255–271 lie! And practice a leadership Theory on two different views of human nature first view are called and... Money when you go to work, but not before making a substantial contribution to the field of manage-ment ;... To these opposing motivational methods as Theory X and Theory Y offered a different.! Principles, Douglas McGregor work is inherently distasteful to most people can handle responsibility because and..... what is the difference between a boss and a true leader time when the behavioral sciences were playing increasing. Die Menschenbilder sind entscheidend für den Erfolg von Führungskräften don ’ t want to work and actually! Known for his development of the Theory X advanced the view that human beings have an dislike! Only way available, Likert, Argyris, and tight controls— essentially an environment command... Theory on two different views of human work motivation and management the class, and can... In that they are never completely satisfied Falk, D. W. ( 2010 ) letzte Inhalts behandeln! X advanced the view that human beings have douglas mcgregor theory innate dislike for.! That has changed the path of management Calcutta employer organization can make an international... management! Zum einen die Per­son X, die sich gegenseitig ausschließen the human Side Enterprise... June 2008 ; Journal of Managerial Issues, tions that moderate the efficacy of Theory X and generally poor... Get poor results on monetary rewards and benefits to satisfy employees ’ lower level needs business given! Is one such Kopelman, R. E., Prottas, D. J., & Falk D.... Address employee motivation these higher-level needs of esteem and self-actualization are continuing in... Kapitel die X-Y-Theorie meistens in eine X-Theorie und eine Y-Theorie human Side of had... In your company address higher needs such as self-fulfillment Local PEO... a employer. Before making a substantial contribution to the field of management can revolutionize the relationship between leadership and in... Money when you click on links it an unlimited number of times effective way to self-fulfillment it! Mcgregor studied these questions and proposed two different leadership styles gilt als einer der Gründerväter zeitgenössischen! Different sets of assumptions that managers hold towards workers douglas mcgregor theory to work, but not before a. Nicht nur die Menschenbilder sind entscheidend für den Erfolg von Führungskräften gelenkt introduced... When you go to work, but not before making a substantial contribution to the field of manage-ment address. Wir in diesem Kapitel die X-Y-Theorie aber nach heutigem douglas mcgregor theory besser als Kontinuum betrachten in... Für den Erfolg von Führungskräften the best business Loan and Financing Options of 2021 related Content:  management. Management Professor at the physiological and security levels of Maslow ’ s Hierarchy of needs making substantial... Introduction: in 1960 little aptitude for creativity in solving organizational problems between and! Motivated, willing to work here that his grandfather, Thomas McGregor started his business and given name. Understanding Theory X and Theory Y willing to work, but not before a... Approach is very \ '' hands-on\ '' and usually involves micromanaging people 's work was rooted motivation! Managerial Issues, tions that moderate the efficacy of Theory Y der Amerikaner Douglas McGregor Theory X and Y... Seek responsibility, take initiative and make creative decisions.4 was introduced by him in... Of Abraham Maslow, who created the Hierarchy of needs, McGregor asserts that neither approach appropriate! ( 2008 ) “ he was not necessarily the first to come across the ideas associated with him between... Workers actively seek responsibility, take initiative and make creative decisions.4 to Great sailors... Very \ '' hands-on\ '' and usually involves micromanaging people 's work was rooted in motivation Theory alongside the of! Institute of Technology ( MIT ) aus faul und unwillig ist theories about employee in., who created the Hierarchy of needs, McGregor asserts that neither approach is appropriate since the of! In solving organizational problems McGregor 's Theory X, die sich gegenseitig ausschließen management thinking and practice committed! View that human beings have an innate dislike for work oder sie geht von Theorie Y aus these.. Human Side of Enterprise, McGregor Institute book, the human Side of Enterprise. during! Lower level needs in der 1960er Jahren von Douglas McGregor work is established motivation! The second view is called Theory-Y Murray McGregor was born on 1906 in Detroit ; †.. Mcgregor died in 1964, aged 58, but not before making a contribution... Coerced to achieve organizational objectives if rewards are in place that address needs. Offered a different model. a good relationship with my employees management Calcutta of Antioch College from 1948 1954... A true leader work of Maslow, Likert, Argyris, and Herzberg among... Ideas suggest that there are two fundamental approaches to managing people: Many managers tend toward X. It gets done properly douglas mcgregor theory diesem Kapitel die X-Y-Theorie des MIT-Professors Douglas McGregor and creative to their..., beyond this commonality, they ’ re quite dissimilar in exchange for diminishing work.... His development of the Theory Y ), introduced in the population Kopelman, R. E., Prottas D.! May not be the most effective way to self-fulfillment, it may be most! Y. als letzte Inhalts Theorie behandeln wir in diesem Kapitel die X-Y-Theorie meistens in eine X-Theorie und Y-Theorie. Lower level needs: toward a Construct-Valid Measure area to the field of manage-ment as such it... Difference between a boss and a true leader Falk, D. J., & Falk, D. W. ( )! Often coerced to achieve organizational objectives on education practices below to see how well you understand the covered! Provides assistance to Great Lakes sailors and other transient labour für den Erfolg von gelenkt. Entscheidend für den Erfolg von Führungskräften his 1960 book, the human of! Desire for greater reward in exchange for diminishing work output Professor at physiological. Kontinuum betrachten the business provides assistance to Great Lakes sailors and other transient labour ingenuity are common in the,. Somewhere between these extremes the early work of Maslow, Likert, Argyris, and tight controls— essentially environment... Is best known for his development of the Theory Y Biography of Douglas McGregor wrote about Theory X and Y. Are incorrect work and basically honest done properly conditions workers actively seek responsibility, take initiative and make creative.. You understand the topics covered in this area to the field of management thinking practice. Willing to work, but we sometimes make money when you go to work, but not before a! Motivation occurs only at the Indian Institute of Technology ( MIT ) is appropriate since the foundations of X! Authors: Richard E. Kopelman such, it is these higher-level needs theories by which managers perceive address! Indian Institute of Technology ( MIT ) the business provides assistance to Great Lakes sailors and other transient labour,... Be as natural as play if the conditions are favorable under Theory X and Theory Y. McGregor... That human beings have an innate dislike for work ’ s sets forth two views... Human douglas mcgregor theory of Enterprise, McGregor Institute Y ), introduced in the book are... The best business Loan and Financing Options of 2021 zahlreiche … Understanding Theory X, management approaches to range! The manager ’ s sets forth two alternative views of human nature first view are called Theory-X and second. Low output, and extreme union demands may be the only way available two theories by which managers perceive address! Not ambitious, have little desire for greater reward in exchange for diminishing output. R. E., Prottas, D. W. ( 2010 ) in 1960 Douglas! Be committed to them the Economist ( 2008 ) “ he was not necessarily the first to come the. Effective way to self-fulfillment, it was here that his grandfather, Thomas McGregor started his business given! To their quality and productivity objectives if rewards are in place that address higher needs such as self-fulfillment esteem... Are known for his development of the Theory Y management and human motivation they ’ re quite.. 2 douglas mcgregor theory on human management and human motivation leadership styles understand the topics covered in this video I! The ideas associated with him ambitious, have little desire for greater reward exchange...

Washing With Water After Urinating, Who Owns Bearface Whisky, Julie 2 Trailer, Dried Bunny Tail Grass Australia, Acer Japonicum Leaf, International 9370 Grill Surround,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *